Murchison Falls Protected Area (covering 3840 square kilometers) situated in the northwest, about 90 kilometers from Masindi is the biggest national park in Uganda, and is comprised of Karuma plus Bugungu Wildlife Reserves. It was named Murchison Falls after the impressive Murchison Falls on which the longest river in the world – River Nile thunderously explodes through a 7 meters gorge on the Rift Valley Escarpment and drops to 43 meters below through a series of cascades from here it becomes a calm river and its banks are crowded with giant crocodiles, buffaloes, hippos as well as waterbucks. The Murchison vegetation is comprised of woodland, Savannah grasslands plus riverine forest.
Its Wildlife includes chimpanzees, tree climbing lions plus Uganda kobs, plus a variety of bird species among which are the uncommon shoebill.
Murchison Falls National park which is the country’s largest park is habitat to a number of wild African savannah and divided by the great river Nile.
The populations of wildlife in the park has greatly recovered from the severe poaching that happened in the 1980s; within the verdant borassus grassland just north of the River Nile you will commonly come across giraffes, elephants, buffaloes, plus a diversity of antelope species during the game drive.
Rabongo Forest –found in the southeastern part of the park, is habitat to chimpanzees plus other rainforest species.
The River Nile itself is habitat to one of the largest populations of hippos and crocodiles in the world, in addition to a diversity of water bird species like the most easily accessible population of the uncommon shoebill Stork in the world.
Sport Fishing Uganda Tour
Within the river sections you can enjoy Sport fishing. Tiger fish plus Nile Perch are the common catch by anglers. In case you plan to take part in sport fishing, earlier booking is recommended because a few people are allowed to do this activity at a time and only in specific places. Remember to bring along your personal fishing equipment. Also offered are a number of boats open for hire with earlier reservation for people who which to enjoy a boat cruise on the Nile.
Game Drives in the Park:
The Murchison Falls national Park also has numerous lions plus a diversity of numerous other animals which can best be seen through on the Queen’s truck or on Albert truck in the early morning hours. In addition visitors can have picnics as they enjoy the stunning sights with views of large elephants plus other animals on the hill slopes at Nyamusika Cliffs. The game drive goes for 4 hours we therefore recommend that you are accompanied by a guide. The very best time to start a game drive is 0700 hours or 1600 hour.
Nature Walks in Rabongo Forest:
Rabongo Forest, with Murchison falls area offers nature walks. On these walks you will get the chance to explore this huge wilderness on foot. You will be able to closely as well as quietly observe a number of birds and animals as well as reach the top of these falls.
The Nile Launch Cruise:
The launch trip that starts at the Paraa landing area and takes you to the bottom of the Murchison Falls is among the most breathtaking activities to enjoy on a Uganda safari to Murchison Falls National Park. On this Nile Launch Cruise within Murchison Falls National Park, you will witness numerous Hippos, giant crocodiles and waterbucks, elephants plus buffaloes, in addition to a diversity of water birds such as the fish eagles, cormorants, kingfishers, ducks, the uncommon shoebill and the bee-eaters.
This boat trip begins at 0900hr as well as at 1400hr daily however exceptional time schedules may be arranged through the Park management. The cruise takes you for 17 km from Paraa to bottom of the falls and them back going for 3 hours, where as the 28 km boat cruise from Paraa to the river Delta and then back goes for approximately 4 to 5 hours. You will actually be able to see similar wildlife as with the launch cruise to the bottom of the falls.
Top of the Fall Adventure:
You may adventure the top of the Murchison falls and head up to the edge of the water. From the place where the boat lands, you will walk up to the top of the Murchison falls and to move close to slender gorge from which the Nile explodes to form these breathtaking falls. This place also offers walking safaris, Campsites as well as picnic sites.
Kaniyo Pabidi Adventure:
The Kaniyo Pabidi adventure provides an undisturbed region of natural forest inside the Budongo Forest Reserve, where you can walk under the huge buttress rooted of the mahogany trees as well as the iron-wood trees. Within this area, Chimpanzee tracking is actually the most popular activity however certainly you will witness a profusion of forest birds, among which are the puvel’s illadopsis, chocolate-backed kingfisher plus the white-thigh hornbill not seen elsewhere in East Africa.
Kaniyi Pabidi is situated 8 kilometers from Kichumbanyobo on the Masindi-Paraa road. The National Forestry Authority (NFA) manages the Kaniyi Pabidi and offers a campsite having water plus firewood.
This is an Ecotourism centre situated on an island having tropical riverine forest within the southeastern part of this wildlife sanctuary. This forest delimited by Savannah grassland is one and a half hours drive from Paraa. Your guide will assist you as you explore this forest on foot, viewing primates such as the baboons, black & white colobus monkeys, the red-tailed monkeys, and occasionally chimpanzees plus other animals, medicinal plant, birds and tree species and medicinal plants. You can as well picnic or camp by River Wairingo, which is likewise perfect for student group tours.
By road: coming From Kampala via Masindi through Kichumbanyobo gate, it is four and a half hours to Paraa; 2 hours driving on tarmac and two and a half hours on driving on murram roads. We recommend a 4WD vehicle. The ferry found at Paraa runs on scheduled time operating between the southern and northern River Nile banks.
By air: At Bugungu 13 kilometers from Paraa as well as Pakuba approximately 19 kilometers northwest of Paraa, Charter services are provided.
Accommodation in Murchison Falls;
Campsites are offered at the Top of the Murchison falls, delta area, Rabongo Forest and Paraa. Toilet or even pit latrines plus showers or at times bathing shelters are offered at these sites.
Traditional plus self-contained bandas are offered at Red chilli Rest Camp plus meals and a variety of beverages.
In addition, luxury accommodation is offered at Paraa Uganda safari Lodges, Nile Safari Camp and Sambiya River Lodge.
Facts about the Conservation Area;
– Total landmass of MFPA: 5025 sq km, (MFNP 3,877 sq km, Karuma Wildlife reserve 675 sq km and Bugungu Wildlife Reserve 473 sq km,).
– Altitude: 619 meters at the delta and then 1,292 meters at Rabongo hill.
-Average temperature: high 29C, and low 21C.
– Dry seasons: middle of December to the middle of February, June as well as July.
– Wettest months: November plus April.
– Wildlife: 76 species of mammals and 450 species of birds.
Dos and Don’ts when inside the Park
– Enter the Park via the Tangi, Kichumbanyobo or the Bugungu gate.
– While inside the park, you are allowed to drive only from 6:30 am to 6:30pm.
– When driving, keep to only the designated trucks inside the park.
– do not sound your horn in the park.
– Walk only on specified trails.
– have a guide to accompany you on your game drives plus nature walks.
– You are allowed to Camp only in designated campsites.
– Don’t cut any plants, pick any flowers or destroy vegetation.
– Domestic animals (pets) are not permitted inside the park.
– Firearms or any ammunition are not permitted within the park.
– Don’t litter within the park, instead dump trash in provided cans.
– keep well all official receipts you receive for any park activities.